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Are the effects of societal changes and systems on individual outcomes mediated by social inequalities?

Summary Report: The impact of inequalities in the early years on outcomes over the life course

We recently held a symposium at the Scottish Parliament, which brought together international academics and policy makers to discuss the impact of childhood inequalities on life outcomes across a broad range of topics, including education, crime and well-being.

We asked each of our speakers to contribute to this summary report, which draws together the findings that were presented toether with the policy discussions that followed. The presentations drew on a range of  international evidence from the US, Israel, Ireland,  New Zealand and Australia, together findings emerging from Scottish and UK data sets, exploring key stages in a young person's life, from early adversity in early childhood through adolescence and the impact of this on adult lives.

We would like to acknowledge all those who participated in the symposium and contributed to the production of the report. This work was supported by an ESRC International Networking Award.

Crime and justice inequalities: people, places and systems

Policewoman and child illustration

Over the last three decades, there has been a large fall in crime in Scotland, which is associated with a large reduction in both offending and victimisation amongst youth people.  There have also been significant changes to policing and justice system processes in Scotland which have impacted on the lives of young people, including new legislation governing the use of stop and search and the introduction of new diversionary measures within youth justice. 

Dr Ben Matthews

Dr Ben Matthews is a quantitative social researcher interested in understanding the recent crime drop in Scotland, and particularly how it relates to inequalities in convictions across characteristics such as age, sex and income. Methodologically, Ben has worked extensively with administrative data, longitudinal methods and data visualization.