Since the turn of the century, there has been a rise in Scottish nationalist sentiment but unusually this has not been associated with a rise in anti-immigration parties such as UKIP. Indeed, one of the themes of the Scottish Independence debate was how Scotland has a fundamentally more open and tolerant approach to immigration than England. Scotland did not experience the rise of anti-immigration attitudes seen south of the Border, particularly in the lead up to and the aftermath of the Brexit referendum. This raises an interesting question about whether migrants and ethnic minorities more generally in Scotland benefit in substantive ways from the greater ambient tolerance north of the border.
In this paper, we are particularly interested in the difference in employment trajectories across ethnic groups, and whether or not these are affected differently by neighbourhood context, taking into account the length of exposure to particular neighbourhood characteristics. We account for the geographical dimension of employment access this by developing a gravity-based employment access variable (Hansen, 1959; Osland and Pryce, 2012) that captures the polycentric distribution of employment opportunities and their geographical relation to each household in the SLS for each year over the 2001 to 2011 period.
This research is in development. If you would like further information, please contact Professor Gwilym Pryce.